Gunung Ledang Expedition was organized by Universiti Teknologi Mara (UiTM) which gathered all experts and postgraduate students from any field of interest to explore the diversity of Ledang Mountain. The event named as XPDC Saintifik Taman Negara Johor Gunung Ledang was held on 8-14 November 2011.
The name of Ledang was introduced from the Malaysian historical legend of “Puteri Gunung Ledang“, a Majapahit Javanese-Hindu princess. Majapahit was an outstanding empire, which was dominated Nusantara archipelago.
I was joined as a member of Natural Product Team under supervision of Assoc. Prof. Dr. Norizan Ahmat. Our aims were to record potential medicinal plants that used by natives of Gunung Ledang and to preliminary screen phytochemicals from the selected plants. The works were initially began with exploring trails recommended by well-grounded Orang Asli, collected plants species, and consulted the plants name with the expertise botanists. The collected plants then were confirmed for their traditional usage and vernacular names with one of village representatives. Phytochemicals screening was performed for the presence of alkaloids, flavonoids, steroids and saponins.
There are four trails permitted for Ledang’s visitors as the trails have been explored by Ledang’s expertise. The trails known as Lagenda, Ayer Panas, Ulu Jemetah, and Asahan. Out of these, Ulu Jemetah trail is not suggested for public because its own condition is yet fully understood. Our team started with Lagenda trail on the second day of expedition. The next trail was Ayer Panas and finally reached the summit of Gunung Ledang on the third day of expedition.
Here some unique plants we found: